Faith and Religion
January 1, 1975
Historically, Canada has been a country whose politics and social systems have been shaped by its religious outlook. Protestant Christianity in English Canada and Roman Catholicism in Quebec have had a huge impact on law, policy and culture.
Now, for the first time since Confederation, less than 90% of the population professes to be of the Christian faith. The powerful influence of the Roman Catholic Church in Quebec has lessened considerably since the "Quiet Revolution" of the early 1960's.
As more non-Christians join Canadian society, the need for religious tolerance and government neutrality has increased. Although still a spiritual and religious people, Canadians are now placing more emphasis on the private nature of faith, and less on its public role. The Catholic and Anglican Churches agree on the essential meaning of the Eucharist.
There's a sense that science, rather than faith, will provide the answers for the future. As a new millennium approaches, science and religion will find themselves moving closer together, not further apart. Many scientists and lay people alike will see a broader connection that runs through both. Some will suggest that perhaps the division between science and religion is just an artificial construction.
Breakdown of approximate membership: